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Thread: Leukopenia and Chemo

  1. #1
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    Leukopenia and Chemo

    I have recently been diagnosed with Stage 1 MM. I am also told I already have leukopenia. Now, the dr. wants to start me on Revlimid, Velcade and Dexamethasone. I am concerned about already having low R&W cell counts and the fact chemo will likely make those counts lower. Can anyone address this?

    I'm the type that likes second opinions. I've read reviews concerning this dr. and he seems to be on the ball. This diagnosis and treatment course from him has transpired quickly. I will address this with him, but input those here with personal knowledge are greatly appreciated.

    PS-I started off in the multiple myeloma thread section but ended up here. Could Mod please move to proper section?
    Last edited by New Frontier; 08-06-2017 at 05:55 PM.

  2. #2
    Super Moderator Top User po18guy's Avatar
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    Sorry to welcome you here under these circumstances. Leukopenia indicates that a proliferation of myeloma cells may be inhibiting the production of a normal level of leukocytes. Since myeloma begins in the marrow, treatment must reach there in concentrations sufficient to be effective. Sadly, it is not only the myeloma cells that take a beating. If I had to guess, you will need some transfusions, or live a much more isolated and sanitized life, such as that of transplant patients. Doctor will have some sound advice. As to second opinions, they are an excellent idea.

    It is well worth traveling to an NCI designated comprehensive cancer center for such an opinion. They employ the best and brightest, and have the most recent data gleaned from clinical trials.
    07/08 Age 56 DX 1) Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma-Not Otherwise Specified. Stage IV-B, >50 ("innumerable") tumors, bone marrow involvement.
    08/08-12/08 Four cycles CHOEP14 + four cycles GND (Cyclofosfamide, Doxorubicin, Vincristine, Etoposide, Prednisone & Gemcitabine, Navelbine, Doxil)
    02/09 2) Relapse.
    03/09-06/13 Clinical trial of Romidepsin > long-term study. NED for 64 twenty-eight day cycles, dose tapered.
    07/13 3) Relapse, 4) Suspected Mutation.
    08/13-02/14 Romidepsin increased, stopped for lack of response. Watch & Wait.
    09/14 Relapse/Progression. Visible cervical nodes appear within 4 days of being checked clear.
    10/06/14 One cycle Belinostat. Discontinued to enter second clinical trial.
    10/25/14 Clinical trial of Alisertib/Failed - Progression.
    01/12/15 Belinostat resumed/Failed - Progression. 02/23/15
    02/24/15 Pralatrexate/Failed - Progression. 04/17/15
    04/15 Genomic profiling reveals mutation into PTCL-NOS + AngioImmunoblastic T-Cell Lymphoma. Stage IV-B a second time. Two dozen tumors + small intestine (Ileum) involvement.
    04/22/15 TREC (Bendamustine, Etoposide, Carboplatin). Full response in two cycles. PET/CT both clear. Third cycle followed.
    06/15-07/15 Transplant preparation (X-rays, spinal taps, BMB, blood test, MUGA scan, lung function, CMV screening, C-Diff testing etc. etc. etc.) Intrathecal Methotrexate during spinal tap.
    BMB reveals 5) 26% blast cells of 20q Deletion Myelodysplastic Syndrome MDS), a bone marrow cancer.
    07/11-12/15 Cyclofosfamide + Fludarabine conditioning regimen.
    07/16/15 Total Body Irradiation.
    07/17/15 Moderate intensity Haploidentical Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplant receiving my son's peripheral blood stem cells.
    07/21-22/15 Triple dose Cyclofosfamide + Mesna, followed by immunosuppressants Tacrolimus and Mycophenolate Mofetil.
    07/23-08/03/15 Marrow producing zero blood cells. Fever. Hospitalized two weeks.
    08/04/15 Engraftment occurs, and blood cells are measureable - released from hospital.
    08/13/15 Day 26 - Marrow is 100% donor cells. Platelets climbing steadily, red cells follow.
    09/21/15 Acute skin Graft versus Host Disease arrives.
    DEXA scan reveals Osteoporosis.
    09/26/-11/03/15 Prednisone to control skin GvHD.
    11/2015 Acute GvHD re-classified to Chronic Graft versus Host Disease.
    05/2016 Tacrolimus stopped. Prednisone from 30-90mg daily tried. Sirolimus begun.
    09/16/16 Three skin punch biopsies.
    11/04/16 GvHD clinical trial of Ofatumumab (Arzerra) + Prednisone + Methylprednisolone begun.
    12/16 Type II Diabetes, Hypertension - both treatment-related.
    05/17 Extracorporeal Photopheresis (ECP) begun in attempt to control chronic Graft-versus-Host-Disease (cGvHD.
    06/17 Trying various antibiotics in a search for tolerable prophylaxis.
    08/17 Bone marrow biopsy reveals the presence of 2% cells with 20q Deletion Myelodysplastic Syndrome, considered to be Minimum Residual Disease. Active surveillance is the course of choice.
    To date: 18 chemotherapeutic drugs in 9 regimens (4 of them at least twice), 5 salvage regimens, 3 clinical trials, 4 post-transplant immuno-suppressant drugs, the equivalent of 1,000 years of background radiation from scanning from 45+ CT series scans and about 24 PET scans. Two lymphoid malignancies plus a myeloid malignancy lend a certain symmetry to the journey.

    Believing in the redemptive value of suffering makes all the difference.

  3. #3
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    Thank you for responding. I need to check forum rules about naming treatment facilities, but there is a particular school in NC from your link I am deeply considering. I sent the dr.'s nurse an e-mail, so they know my concerns. Treatment starts tomorrow. I have determined that waiting only gives the cancer more of a chance, so I will move forward to prevent that.

    With that, I have decides to proceed. Putting it off longer will only benefit the cancer. I need to check forum rules on naming facilities, so I'll be mum for now. There is a school from your link in NC that I will be closely considering in the future.
    Last edited by po18guy; 08-07-2017 at 06:40 AM.

  4. #4
    Super Moderator Top User po18guy's Avatar
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    I merged your posts, which ended up being duplicates. You may post links to an official website or personal blog. if you are not being treated at such a center, at least strongly consider having them review your biopsy sample, as mistakes are made. You want to be certain 1) that is actually cancer and 2) that you are receiving the correct treatment for the cancer. Myeloma is rare enough that not all that many oncologists will have any experience with it. For that matter, not all hematologists have dealt with it. If the term "rare" is used, think "specialist."
    07/08 Age 56 DX 1) Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma-Not Otherwise Specified. Stage IV-B, >50 ("innumerable") tumors, bone marrow involvement.
    08/08-12/08 Four cycles CHOEP14 + four cycles GND (Cyclofosfamide, Doxorubicin, Vincristine, Etoposide, Prednisone & Gemcitabine, Navelbine, Doxil)
    02/09 2) Relapse.
    03/09-06/13 Clinical trial of Romidepsin > long-term study. NED for 64 twenty-eight day cycles, dose tapered.
    07/13 3) Relapse, 4) Suspected Mutation.
    08/13-02/14 Romidepsin increased, stopped for lack of response. Watch & Wait.
    09/14 Relapse/Progression. Visible cervical nodes appear within 4 days of being checked clear.
    10/06/14 One cycle Belinostat. Discontinued to enter second clinical trial.
    10/25/14 Clinical trial of Alisertib/Failed - Progression.
    01/12/15 Belinostat resumed/Failed - Progression. 02/23/15
    02/24/15 Pralatrexate/Failed - Progression. 04/17/15
    04/15 Genomic profiling reveals mutation into PTCL-NOS + AngioImmunoblastic T-Cell Lymphoma. Stage IV-B a second time. Two dozen tumors + small intestine (Ileum) involvement.
    04/22/15 TREC (Bendamustine, Etoposide, Carboplatin). Full response in two cycles. PET/CT both clear. Third cycle followed.
    06/15-07/15 Transplant preparation (X-rays, spinal taps, BMB, blood test, MUGA scan, lung function, CMV screening, C-Diff testing etc. etc. etc.) Intrathecal Methotrexate during spinal tap.
    BMB reveals 5) 26% blast cells of 20q Deletion Myelodysplastic Syndrome MDS), a bone marrow cancer.
    07/11-12/15 Cyclofosfamide + Fludarabine conditioning regimen.
    07/16/15 Total Body Irradiation.
    07/17/15 Moderate intensity Haploidentical Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplant receiving my son's peripheral blood stem cells.
    07/21-22/15 Triple dose Cyclofosfamide + Mesna, followed by immunosuppressants Tacrolimus and Mycophenolate Mofetil.
    07/23-08/03/15 Marrow producing zero blood cells. Fever. Hospitalized two weeks.
    08/04/15 Engraftment occurs, and blood cells are measureable - released from hospital.
    08/13/15 Day 26 - Marrow is 100% donor cells. Platelets climbing steadily, red cells follow.
    09/21/15 Acute skin Graft versus Host Disease arrives.
    DEXA scan reveals Osteoporosis.
    09/26/-11/03/15 Prednisone to control skin GvHD.
    11/2015 Acute GvHD re-classified to Chronic Graft versus Host Disease.
    05/2016 Tacrolimus stopped. Prednisone from 30-90mg daily tried. Sirolimus begun.
    09/16/16 Three skin punch biopsies.
    11/04/16 GvHD clinical trial of Ofatumumab (Arzerra) + Prednisone + Methylprednisolone begun.
    12/16 Type II Diabetes, Hypertension - both treatment-related.
    05/17 Extracorporeal Photopheresis (ECP) begun in attempt to control chronic Graft-versus-Host-Disease (cGvHD.
    06/17 Trying various antibiotics in a search for tolerable prophylaxis.
    08/17 Bone marrow biopsy reveals the presence of 2% cells with 20q Deletion Myelodysplastic Syndrome, considered to be Minimum Residual Disease. Active surveillance is the course of choice.
    To date: 18 chemotherapeutic drugs in 9 regimens (4 of them at least twice), 5 salvage regimens, 3 clinical trials, 4 post-transplant immuno-suppressant drugs, the equivalent of 1,000 years of background radiation from scanning from 45+ CT series scans and about 24 PET scans. Two lymphoid malignancies plus a myeloid malignancy lend a certain symmetry to the journey.

    Believing in the redemptive value of suffering makes all the difference.

  5. #5
    Hello. I am a MM patient who has been in remission for many years. From what I read, the treatment regimen your Dr. has chosen is the most common one used today. When I was treated in 2001, it was Visticrine, Adriamycin, and Dexamethasone (VAD). Things change over the years. A big part of your oncologist's job is to manage side effects of treatment. They should be advising you regarding any of your concerns with leukopenia. They should do blood analysis periodically, usually before every chemo infusion, to monitor your leukocytes.

    There is certainly no harm in getting a second opinion. It really depends on how much experience your oncologist has with MM and your comfort level with his judgement. But as has been said, anybody can make a mistake or overlook something. The cancer patients that I know that have gone to an NCI cancer center have been impressed. However, be aware that the treatment path can change due to how well the treatment is working or adverse side effects. So the plan on day 1 is not set in stone.

    Good luck to you.

  6. #6
    Newbie New User
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    Thanks for responding and glad to hear you're in remission.

 

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